St. Bonaventure was born, with the given name of John, to Giovanni di Fidanza and Maria Ritella in 1221 at Bagnoregio, Italy. His life was so pure that it was said that he seemed not to have inherited Original Sin. According to legend, he received the name of Bonaventure ( bona ventura good fortune) at a very young age from St. Francis of Assisi and was cured of an illness through the saint's intercession. In 1243 he became a Franciscan (considered the Order's second founder) and later earned the position of Master of Theology with St. Thomas Aquinas at Paris in 1257. He was made a Cardinal by Pope Gregory X and later presided at the Council of Lyon in 1274, where he died suddenly. He was canonized by Pope Sixtus IV in 1484 and is known as the Seraphic Doctor of the Church.
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